๐ŸŒพWheat is a member of the grass family called Poaceae that produces a dry, one-seeded fruit commonly called a kernel.

๐ŸŒพWheat originated in the โ€œcradle of civilizationโ€ in the Tigris and Euphrates river valley, near what is now Iraq.

๐ŸŒพThe Roman goddess, Ceres, who was deemed protector of the grain, gave grains their common name today โ€“ โ€œcereal.โ€

๐ŸŒพCurrently wheat is grown on over 540 million acres worldwide which is more than any other crop.

๐ŸŒพOne acre of wheat yields an average of around 40 bushels of wheat.

๐ŸŒพWheat was first planted in the United States in 1777 as a hobby crop.

๐ŸŒพThere are over 30 000 varieties of wheat that were produced via cross breeding of six basic types of the plant.
Wheat usually reaches 2 to 4 feet in height.

๐ŸŒพWheat is annual plant, which means that it finishes its life cycle in one year.

๐ŸŒพIt develops a head on a top of the stem which contains around 50 kernels. Color of the kernel depends on the variety of wheat. It can be red, blue, purple, brown or white.

๐ŸŒพAll types of wheat can be divided in two major groups: spring and winter wheat.

๐ŸŒพSpring wheat is planted during the spring and harvested during the summer.

๐ŸŒพWinter wheat is planted at autumn and harvested during the spring.
Wheat is ready for harvest when it becomes golden in color and completely dried out.

๐ŸŒพA wheat kernel consists of 3 parts: bran (outer layer), endosperm (nutritive matter used for development of embryo) and germ (embryo).

๐ŸŒพWhole wheat flour is produced by grinding of whole kernels (All parts). Production of white flour requires removal of the bran and germ.

๐ŸŒพAbout 75% of all U.S. grain products are made from wheat flour.

๐ŸŒพOne bushel of wheat contains approximately one million individual kernels.
One bushel of wheat yields roughly 27 kilograms of whole wheat flour or 19 kilograms of white flour enough for around 73 loaves of bread or 210 servings of spaghetti.

๐ŸŒพMore types of foods are made with wheat than with any other cereal grain.
In fact, world trade in wheat is larger than for all other crops

๐ŸŒพWheat is used for the production of bread, pasta, cookies, breakfast cereals and fermented beverages.

๐ŸŒพAbout 1% of human population cannot consume wheat-based products due to celiac disease resulting from intolerance to the wheat protein called gluten.

๐ŸŒพBesides staple food, wheat is used in medical swabs, straw, particle board.

๐ŸŒพAmazingly wheat starch is used in the paper industry and for the production of glue, adhesives, textile, plastic and building materials.

๐ŸŒพStraws of wheat can be used for roofing, manufacture of hats and baskets.
Hair conditioners, body lotions and lip balms often contain wheat proteins.

๐ŸŒพWheat is used in the production of alcoholic beverages such as vodka, gin and whiskey. In fact, Ethanol produced from the wheat can be used as bio- fuel.

Source: amazingfacts4u.com